When dealing with the force of gravity between two objects, there are only two things that are important – mass, and distance. The force of gravity depends directly upon the masses of the two objects, and inversely on the square of the distance between them.
What are the 2 factors that affect gravitational energy?
The factors that affect an object’s gravitational potential energy are its height relative to some reference point, its mass, and the strength of the gravitational field it is in.
What two factors affect the gravitational force between two objects?
Two factors determine the magnitude of the gravitational force between two objects: (1) their masses and (2) the separation distance between them. The size of the force is proportional to the product of the masses of the two objects.
What affects gravity?
Objects with more mass have more gravity. Gravity also gets weaker with distance. So, the closer objects are to each other, the stronger their gravitational pull is. Earth’s gravity comes from all its mass.
What 3 factors affect the pull of gravity?
The acceleration due to gravity depends on the terms as the following: Mass of the body, Distance from the center of mass, Constant G i.e. Universal gravitational constant.
How does mass affect gravity?
Gravitational force is an attraction between masses. The greater the size of the masses, the greater the size of the gravitational force (also called the gravity force). The gravitational force weakens rapidly with increasing distance between masses.
How does mass affect gravitational potential energy?
The mass of the object- The more mass an object has, the more gravitational potential energy it will have if it is given a position with the potential to fall. The distance it is from the surface of the Earth- The farther an object can fall, the more gravitational potential energy it will have.
What factors affect gravitational force between two objects quizlet?
Two factors affect the gravitational attraction between objects: mass and distance.
What would happen to the gravitational attraction between two objects if the distance between them is increased?
Since gravitational force is inversely proportional to the square of the separation distance between the two interacting objects, more separation distance will result in weaker gravitational forces. So as two objects are separated from each other, the force of gravitational attraction between them also decreases.
What is the force of attraction between two objects called?
Gravitational force -an attractive force that exists between all objects with mass; an object with mass attracts another object with mass; the magnitude of the force is directly proportional to the masses of the two objects and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two objects.
How does gravity affect the motion of the earth?
On Earth, gravity pulls all objects to Earth’s center. … Gravity acts on all masses equally, even though the effects on both masses may be different because gravity causes all objects to fall at the same constant rate of 9.8 m/s2. An object in free fall means that the only force acting on the object is gravity.
What factors affect gravity quizlet?
The strength of the force of gravity between two objects depends on two factors: the mass of the objects and the distance between them.
What affects gravity quizlet?
Gravity is a force of attraction between objects due to their masses. Gravity can change the motion of an object by changing the objects velocity. All matter has mass and gravity is affected by the mass of matter. … The magnitude of the force depends on the mass of the objects and the distance away from each other.
What variables affect gravity and why?
Gravity is affected by the size of an object and the distance between the objects. When the mass of an object increases the force of gravity increases as well. If an object’s weight is greater than the other object’s weight, then the object with the greater weight will land first.